Biofuel production via dry and wet torrefaction of agro-industrial waste: A comparative study
August 20-25, 2017
Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC), also known as wet torrefaction, is a thermochemical process where wet organic substrates, in an oxygen-free environment, are directly converted into a solid enriched in carbon that is referred to as hydrochar. HTC is carried out in a liquid water environment, in a temperature range of 180–250 °C, in autogenous vapor pressure of water up to 4.0 MPa, and reaction times ranging from few minutes to several hours.
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Maurizio Volpe, Fabio Merzari, Gianni Andreottola, and Luca Fiori, "Biofuel production via dry and wet torrefaction of agro-industrial waste: A comparative study" in "Biochar: Production, Characterization and Applications", Franco Berruti, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada Raffaella Ocone, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK Ondrej Masek, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). http://dc.engconfintl.org/biochar/16