Novel clone selection technique reveals heterogeneity among HEK293T cells engineered to produce therapeutic extracellular vesicles
July 16-20, 2017
HEK293T cells have been engineered to produce extracellular vesicles (EVs) that deliver miR-199a-3p to CD44+ hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Restoration of this miRNA has been shown to slow cancer progression in-vitro. Isolation and analysis of EVs from cell culture media containing selection agent revealed that the number of miRNA-199a-3p copies was less than the number of cells in culture suggesting that not all cells produce therapeutic EVs. Therefore, therapeutic EV production can be significantly increased by selecting the HEK293T clones that produce the most therapeutic EVs. While clone selection is traditionally accomplished by cell analysis techniques such as fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS), detection of therapeutic EVs poses a unique challenge in that cellular expression of miRNA-199a-3p does not necessarily correlate to the amount of exosomal miRNA-199a-3p. In response to this challenge, a fibrous microwell array was developed to screen thousands of clones for therapeutic EV productivity (figure 1). The fibrous microwell system is able to evaluate cell growth rate under fluid shear stress, EV productivity and EV characterization using fluorescently labeled antibodies or cationic lipoplex nanoparticles (detect presence of miRNA-199a-3p inside captured EVs produced by single clones). The most productive clones can be released from the microwells and grown in large scale cell culture to significantly increase therapeutic EV production.
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Jeffrey Chalmers, Eric Plencner, Xiaohua Zhu, Amaya Peter, Jinmai Jiang, Derek Hansford, Thomas D. Schmittgen, and Mitch Phelps, "Novel clone selection technique reveals heterogeneity among HEK293T cells engineered to produce therapeutic extracellular vesicles" in "Biochemical and Molecular Engineering XX", Wilfred Chen, University of Delaware, USA Nicole Borth, Universität für Bodenkultur, Vienna, Austria Stefanos Grammatikos, UCB Pharma, Belgium Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). http://dc.engconfintl.org/biochem_xx/35