Laser-based 3D printing of hydrogel barrier models for microfludic applications
June 5-9, 2017
The placenta secures the survival and development of the fetus. As placental tissue connects the fetus with the mother and is responsible for endogenous and exogenous material transfer. The maternal and fetal blood are thereby separated, by the so-called placental barrier, which is made up by the trophoblastic syncytium and the fetal capillary wall. Research in the field of placenta biology represents a challenging topic, as current approaches are difficult to perform, time consuming and often carry the risk of harming the fetus. The establishment of a reproducible in-vitro model, simulating the placental transport is necessary to study fetal development and for identification of underlying causes of maldevelopment. In this study, a photosensitive hydrogel material, in combination with two-photon polymerisation, was used to produce high resolution structures with nanometre precision geometries. Gelatine modified with methacrylamide and amino-ethyl-methacrylate (GelMOD AEMA) was thereby crosslinked within a customised microfluidic-device under the addition of photoinitiator, separating the chip in two different compartments (Figure 1). The fetal compartment contains HUVEC cells which are cultivated in EGM2, while BeWo B30 cells are supplied with DMEM Ham-F12 to mimic the maternal compartment. This microfluidic approach in combination with native flow profiles can be used to precisely remodel the microenvironment of placental tissue. The establishment of a functional placenta-on-a-chip-model allows the modulation of different clinical and biological scenarios in the future. A potential application can be found in the simulation of altered sugar transport across the placental membrane and evaluation of the effects of altered nutrient balance in-utero
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Aleksandr Ovsianikov, Peter Ertl, Mario Rothbauer, Sebastian Kratz, Maximilian Tromayer, Marica Markovic, Peter Gruber, Denise Mandt, Robert Liska, Sandra Van Vlierberghe, Jasper Van Hoorick, and Peter Dubruel, "Laser-based 3D printing of hydrogel barrier models for microfludic applications" in "Biofabrication for Hierarchical in Vitro Tissue Models", Jürgen Groll (University of Würzburg, Germany) Jos Malda (University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands) Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). http://dc.engconfintl.org/biofab_tissue_model/6