Perfusion cell culture: Challenges and potentials between lab and manufacturing scale
May 6-11, 2018
The maturation of biopharmaceutical process understanding and technical advances have paved the way towards the commercial application of continuous bioprocesses. In particular, mammalian cell perfusion cultures have received manifold attention for cell expansion in the N-1 stage or the continuous production in end-to-end biomanufacturing processes. Perfusion processes uniquely offer both optimal cellular and/or consistent product environment. However, their inherent complexity in equipment and operation demands thorough process characterization and development. In this presentation, development efforts to build on the potential of perfusion processes and challenges during commercial implementation are shared. In a first case study, in depth equipment characterization resulted in a robust and versatile perfusion design1. Stable operation and short bioreactor residence time allowed the continuous harvest of the target protein with constant quality characteristics at lab scale2. Characteristic times for the adaption of cell metabolism and product quality to the constant operation were revealed. The potential of perfusion cultures to distinctively modulate towards a desired quality profile and benefits of their integration to a continuous downstream cascade are demonstrated3. The second part extends on the potential of perfusion to generate an optimal environment for cell growth. Its utilization for the generation of high bioreactor inoculation densities has successfully enabled overall manufacturing process intensification. Challenges of the commercial N-1 perfusion process implementation and associated small scale mitigation strategies are shared. 1. Characterization and comparison of ATF and TFF in stirred bioreactors for the production of therapeutic proteins, D. J. Karst, E. Serra, T. K. Villiger, M. Soos, M. Morbidelli, Biochemical Engineering Journal (2016), 110, 17-26. 2. Process performance and product quality in an integrated continuous antibody production process, D. J. Karst, F. Steinebach, M. Soos, M. Morbidelli, Biotechnology & Bioengineering (2017), 114, 298-307. 3. Modulation and modeling of monoclonal antibody N-linked glycosylation in mammalian cell perfusion reactors, D. J. Karst, E. Scibona, E. Serra, J. M. Bielser, M. Settler, J. Solacoup, H. Broly, M. Soos, M. Morbidelli, T. K.
Daniel J. Karst, "Perfusion cell culture: Challenges and potentials between lab and manufacturing scale" in "Cell Culture Engineering XVI", A. Robinson, PhD, Tulane University R. Venkat, PhD, MedImmune E. Schaefer, ScD, J&J Janssen Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2018). http://dc.engconfintl.org/ccexvi/144