The development of a 14-day non-viral engineered CAR T-cell process
January 27-31, 2019
Immunotherapy utilizing chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells is a promising strategy for the treatment of several types of cancer. Many preclinical and clinical studies engineer CAR T cells through a viral vector, presenting the potential for genotoxicity or insertional mutagenesis. We propose a 14-day non-viral process where we introduce the gene of interest via electroporation; integration can be achieved with the Sleeping Beauty transposon system. Minicircle (MC) DNA constructs containing the CAR, a surface marker (EGFRt), and a double mutant of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFRdm) are electroporated into previously frozen, unstimulated CD4/CD8 T cells with an RNA construct coding for the Sleeping Beauty transposase. After electroporation, cells are bead-stimulated with CD3/CD28 without the use of feeder cells throughout the process. CAR+ cells expressing DHFRdm are rendered insensitive to an FDA-approved small molecule drug, methotrexate (MTX), which allows for chemical selection of the cells of interest while avoiding a magnetic bead sort. The entire process is completed in 2 weeks with a media formulation that contains a serum-free replacement.
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Emi Y. Tokuda, Michael Jensen, and Joshua Gustafson, "The development of a 14-day non-viral engineered CAR T-cell process" in "Advancing Manufacture of Cell and Gene Therapies VI", Dolores Baksh, GE Healthcare, USA Rod Rietze, Novartis, USA Ivan Wall, Aston University, United Kingdom Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2019). http://dc.engconfintl.org/cell_gene_therapies_vi/86