May 8-13, 2016
Achieving adequate CO2 stripping rates in large scale bioreactors is an important consideration during the scale up of animal cell cultures to large scale bioreactors due to the use of relatively low power input and gas sparging rates. It has previously been reported that cell growth, productivity, and product quality attributes such as glycosylation can be significantly impacted when cells are exposed to high CO2 environments. CO2 stripping models that depend on the CO2 mass transfer coefficient have been applied to simulate CO2 profiles in cell cultures using varied sparger types, reagents for pH adjustment, gas flow rates, and agitation speeds. These models were reported as being validated for a cell culture after cell exponential growth phase. However, in recent years, cell culture processes have been improved to enhance productivity in part through a longer exponential growth phase to achieve higher viable cell densities, making those models less relevant. The current CO2 stripping models were tested in several improved cell culture processes and resulted in predicted CO2 profiles not fitting the measured CO2 profiles. A modified CO2 stripping model was then developed, of which CO2 stripping is independent of the CO2 mass transfer coefficient. Instead, CO2 stripping is a function of gas flow rates, the residence time of bubbles in the liquid, the time of bubbles being saturated with CO2, and CO2 concentrations. The model was validated with two CHO cell culture processes that achieved different peak viable cell density (approximately 7 × 106 cells/mL and 12 × 106 cells/mL) in 25,000-L and 5,000-L manufacturing bioreactors, respectively. The CO2 stripping model was also applied to optimize cell culture conditions to reduce CO2 level in cell cultures in the manufacturing scale bioreactors.
Zizhuo Xing, Nicholas Abuabsi, Michael Borys, and Zheng Jian, "A carbon dioxide stripping model for mammalian cell culture in manufacturing scale bioreactors" in "Cell Culture Engineering XV", Robert Kiss, Genentech Sarah Harcum, Clemson University Jeff Chalmers, Ohio State University Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2016). http://dc.engconfintl.org/cellculture_xv/26