April 10-14, 2016
The changing energy profile of the United States has reduced energy-related carbon dioxide emissions, according to the DOE Energy Information Administration (EIA). However, this does not preclude the need for carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) as an important solution to climate change. In fact, the change only further supports the need to develop flexible and cost effective carbon capture technologies that can be applied to various fuel sources for power generation application.
CCUS is one of many approaches but is critical to significantly reducing domestic and global CO2 emissions, considering CO2 atmospheric concentrations reached 400 ppm in May 2013 according to the Mauna Loa Atmospheric Observatory. IEA’s 2015 Energy Technology Perspectives indicates that “CCS is the only means for dramatically reduce emission intensity from many industrial processes…”. In addition, the UN IPCC further defined its importance by stating that the absence of CCS will increase the CO2 mitigation cost by 138%. However, the energy and capital cost for state-of-the-art carbon capture systems are prohibitive for any meaningful deployment. In order to address these issues, the Department of Energy’s Carbon Capture Program has worked with researchers to develop, verify the performance and cost benefits of their concepts, and field test promising advanced capture technologies.
This presentation will discuss the breadth of the Department of Energy’s Carbon Capture Program, the latest status of its pilot-scale capture technologies within the Program, discuss some lessons learned and its steps toward supporting the next “Transformational” generation of carbon capture technologies.
Jose Figueroa, "U.S. DOE carbon capture program: Advancing multiple generations of carbon capture solutions laboratory to pilot scale development" in "CO2 Summit II: Technologies and Opportunities", Holly Krutka, Tri-State Generation & Transmission Association Inc. Frank Zhu, UOP/Honeywell Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2016). http://dc.engconfintl.org/co2_summit2/8