Opportunities for industrial CO2 capture and utilization in the US
May 22-26, 2017
Carbon dioxide capture from flue gases has largely failed to gain traction due to their prohibitively high cost. One strategy to lower capture costs is to target capture from emissions with higher CO2 concentration. This presentation focuses specifically on a sub-section of industrial CO2 emissions, of which there are no carbon-free routes for the formation of products such as cement, glass, iron and other metals. Although these emissions do not represent the majority, unlike the electricity and transportation sectors, they are not replaceable with renewables or bio-energy routes, and in fact, their scale matches well with CO2 utilization opportunities. A low-cost pathway, including separation, compression and transportation to currently available utilization opportunities has been identified. In particular, our cost model corrects for differences in exhaust composition, flow rate, and geo-specific utilization demand. A regional case-study for the US state of Pennsylvania reveals steel and cement manufacturing as the least cost options. Further, we find that transportation via trucks is generally the low-cost alternative compared to pipeline transport for small volumes on the order of 100 kt CO2/a. These results are presented in the context of other complexities such as the relative feasibility of extracting CO2 process emissions from combustion emissions, theoretical maximum commodity outputs by region, and competitive-based commodity trading (regional and international) inspired by localized CCUS efforts.
Peter Psarras, Peter Maniloff, and Jennifer Wilcox, "Opportunities for industrial CO2 capture and utilization in the US" in "CO2 Summit III: Pathways to Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage Deployment", Jen Wilcox (Colorado School of Mines, USA) Holly Krutka (Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association, USA) Simona Liguori (Colorado School of Mines, USA) Niall Mac Dowell (Imperial College, United Kingdom) Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). http://dc.engconfintl.org/co2_summit3/13