Photocatalityc membrane reactor for CO2 conversion
May 22-26, 2017
Global warming is considered to be one of the principal environmental problems and CO2, being a greenhouse gas, largely contributes to the global climate change. Owing to this problem, an increasing concern has brought the scientific community to devote huge efforts towards CO2 reduction and/or valorization through a sustainable process. In this contest, photocatalytic membrane technologies can be a promising and innovative way to pursue CO2 conversion into value-added products.1 To this purpose, Carbon Nitride (C3N4) photocatalyst was prepared and characterized by FTIR and IR-ATR, DRS and XRD analyses. The preliminary reactivity experiments were carried out in a batch reactor (V = 120 mL) filled with humid CO2 and irradiated in a solar box (65°C). CH4 and CO were the main reduction products detected. This catalyst was then dispersed to obtain catalytic mixed matrix Nafion membranes. Comprehensive structural and morphological analyses by DRS, FT-IR, ATR-IR, SEM and N2 and CO2 permeability measurements were performed. The photocatalytic membranes were then used for the same reaction under UV-Vis irradiation in a membrane reactor operating in continuous mode, as already done with TiO2-Nafion catalytic membranes2. Different H2O/CO2 molar ratios and residence times were used. MeOH, EtOH and HCHO were the main products detected. Under the best experimental conditions, methanol and ethanol were identified as the main products with a productivity of 23 and 25 mol g-1 h-1, respectively. References. 1. R. Molinari, A. Caruso, L. Palmisano, Photocatalytic Membrane reactor in the conversion or degradation of organic compounds, in E. Drioli et L. Giorno (Eds.) Membrane Operations, innovative Separation and transformations, Chapter 15, 335-361, 2009, Wiley-Vch Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim (Germany). 2. M. Sellaro, M. Bellardita, A. Brunetti, E. Fontananova, L. Palmisano, E. Drioli, G. Barbieri, “CO2 conversion in a photocatalytic continuous membrane reactor”, RSC Advances, 2016, 6, 67418 – 67427.
Giuseppe Barbieri, Francesca R. Pomilla, Leonardo Palmisano, Adele Brunetti, Enrica Fontananova, and Giuseppe Marcì, "Photocatalityc membrane reactor for CO2 conversion" in "CO2 Summit III: Pathways to Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage Deployment", Jen Wilcox (Colorado School of Mines, USA) Holly Krutka (Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association, USA) Simona Liguori (Colorado School of Mines, USA) Niall Mac Dowell (Imperial College, United Kingdom) Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). http://dc.engconfintl.org/co2_summit3/3