Discovery and development of novel glucanotransferases for healthier foods
September 24-28, 2017
Providing nutritious, healthy and sustainably produced food is one of the main objectives of food companies such as Nestlé. Slowly digestible carbohydrates and dietary fibers are considered beneficial for human health. The aim of this work was to expand the enzymatic toolbox and to develop enzyme processes that reduce the glycaemic index of starch-containing foods.
By mining the gene pool of the Nestlé culture collection (NCC) with more than 3000 food grade strains, we identified sequences for novel glucanotransferases (Gtf). Two enzymes belonging to the sub family GtfB of the glycosyl hydrolase family 70 (GH70) originating from Lactobacillus reuteri (NCC 2613) and L. fermentum (NCC 2970) as well as the GtfD enzymes from Paenibacillus beijingenis and Azobacter chroococcum (of non-NCC origin) were expressed and biochemically characterized. All four Gtf enzymes produce unique α-glucans with alternating α(1,4) and α(1,6) or α(1,4) and α(1,3) linkages of different molecular size. In vitro digestion and process development studies were performed using raw materials (e.g. wheat flour) to evaluate the impact on starch digestibility as well as the in-process modification of cereal products.
Tim Börner, Joana Gangoit, Lubbert Dijkhuizen, S. van Leeuwen, Lisa Lamothe, Christina Vafiadi, and Stéphane Duboux, "Discovery and development of novel glucanotransferases for healthier foods" in "Enzyme Engineering XXIV", Pierre Monsan, Toulouse White Biotechnology, France Magali Remaud-Simeon, LISBP-INSA, University of Toulouse, France Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). http://dc.engconfintl.org/enzyme_xxiv/25