The 12th International Conference on Fluidization - New Horizons in Fluidization Engineering
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May 13-17, 2007
Pressure fluctuations were measured at high frequencies in a CFB model operated with air at ambient conditions. The model comprises an 80-mm-ID, 5-m-tall riser with a blind-T exit, a cyclone, a 50-mm-ID standpipe, and an L-valve. Tests were conducted with particles of natural rutile (TiO2), a heavy mineral mined from coastal dunes. The particles fall into group B of Geldart’s classification. The solids inventory was kept at 25 kg. The superficial gas velocity ranged from 3 to 6 m/s. The solid circulation flux varied between 10 and 40 kg/m2.s.
Profiles of solid concentrations in the riser are C-shaped. The amplitude of pressure fluctuations increases with increasing solids-circulation rate, and the increase appears to be linear. The amplitude does not correlate with solids concentration, however. The implication is that gas-solid interactions differ significantly at the bottom and the top of the riser, despite similar solids concentrations in these two zones. The analysis in the frequency domain shows that the power of signals resides in those of low frequencies (less than 2 Hz). The pressure fluctuations reflect white noise: there is no dominant frequency and no periodic component. Pressure waves move at 25–45 m/s up the riser, an order of magnitude greater than the superficial gas velocity.
Adam Luckos, Quinn G. Reynolds , and Paul den Hoed, "An Analysis of Pressure Fluctuations in a CFB of Heavy Minerals" in "The 12th International Conference on Fluidization - New Horizons in Fluidization Engineering", Franco Berruti, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada; Xiaotao (Tony) Bi, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; Todd Pugsley, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2007). http://dc.engconfintl.org/fluidization_xii/16