The 12th International Conference on Fluidization - New Horizons in Fluidization Engineering
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May 13-17, 2007
Cold model tests were used to show the causes of instabilities in the operation of the standpipe entrance (“sore thumb”) in industrial scale fluid cokers. New geometries were tested which might provide higher flows and prevent operating problems such as flow reversals and flooding, while also minimizing the adverse effects of fouling. The tests were conducted using FCC particles in a geometrically and dynamically scaled half-column of approximately 1/9th scale which had previously been used to show the effects of baffles on fluid coker strippers. The addition of sloping surfaces to increase the surface area for ingress of particles was helpful to an extent, but excessive overhang resulted in bubbles being drawn in. A perforated top surface was found to be instrumental in the degassing of the solids, whereas porous side area was essential for solids entry. Aeration of the standpipe reduced stick-slip flow, but excessive aeration made degassing more difficult and therefore promoted flow reversal. Loss of area at the top, and to a lesser extent, at the sides was found to be detrimental to the performance of the standpipe entrance. Several new geometries were tested, leading to one that provided better flow stability, improved flow control, excellent pressure build-up in the standpipe, more tolerance to fouling, and enhanced circulation capacity.
D. Rusnell, John R. Grace, Xiaotao T. Bi, C. Jim Lim, P. Ronan, and C. A. McKnight, "Improved Standpipe Entrance for Stable High-Flux Flow" in "The 12th International Conference on Fluidization - New Horizons in Fluidization Engineering", Franco Berruti, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada; Xiaotao (Tony) Bi, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; Todd Pugsley, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2007). http://dc.engconfintl.org/fluidization_xii/18