May 22-27, 2016
The effects of superficial gas velocity (Ug = 1.25 – 3.00 m/s) and distributor hole size (8.0 – 12.4 mm) on the attrition rate of iron ore in a gas-solid fluidized bed with 0.076 m ID ´ 3.7 m height with or without circulation were investigated. The particle density and the Sauter mean diameter of fresh iron ore were 3,705 kg/m3 and 357 m, respectively. When the kinetic energy rate from the orifice was equal or greater than 180 J/s, the trend of attrition rate could be determined. The attrition rate was determined by measuring the fractional mass of fine particle formation (- 500 m fraction) during 30 min without circulation. In experiments with circulation, the attrition rate was determined by measuring a different threshold size, 63 m. The attrition rate increases with increasing kinetic energy rate from the orifice (J/s). The kinetic energy rate from the orifice was calculated using the mass flow rate and orifice nozzle velocity. The correlation of attrition rate with the kinetic energy rate from the orifice was. When the bed height rapidly decreased below the jet length under very severe conditions, the attrition rate did not follow the correlation.
Dong-Hyun Kang, Chang Kuk Ko, and Dong Hyun Lee, "Attrition rate of iron ore in the gas-solid fluidized beds with the wide size distribution" in "Fluidization XV", Jamal Chaouki, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Canada Franco Berruti, Wewstern University, Canada Xiaotao Bi, UBC, Canada Ray Cocco, PSRI Inc. USA Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2016). http://dc.engconfintl.org/fluidization_xv/3