June 19-24, 2016
Fuel consumption is inevitable for industrial development and growth of any country. In the last years, diesel fuels have gained an increasingly important role in the transportation sector. However, the rapid depletion of crude oil resources, as well as the worldwide concern about the environmental damage related to the increase in the emissions of carbon dioxide and other pollutants, has led to an increasing awareness about the development and use of renewable fuels. In this context, biodiesel appears as a good alternative to fossil diesel because of its renewable and biodegradable character, also being a non-toxic and clean fuel that can be used in compression ignitions engines with little or no modification .
Biodiesel is largely composed of a mixture of long chain fatty acid monoalkyl esters (FAME) and can be commercially produced through the transesterification reaction of natural triglycerides with a short chain alcohol. Although the technology for converting edible oils such as sunflower oil, palm oil, soybean oil, coconut oil or rapeseed oil to biodiesel has been well established [2, 3], this practice is gaining serious global concern on preserving food security of the planet. Therefore, there is a marked trend towards abolition of the use of edible oils for fuel production, encouraging the use of biofuels derived from non-edible ligno-cellulosic plants and wastes .
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Noemí Gil-Lalaguna, Ana Bautista, Lucía Botella, Alberto Gonzalo, José Luis Sánchez, and Jesús Arauzo, "Hydrothermal treatment of bio-oil for the production of biodiesel antioxidants" in "5th International Congress on Green Process Engineering (GPE 2016)", Franco Berruti, Western University, Canada Cedric Briens, Western University, Canada Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2016). http://dc.engconfintl.org/gpe2016/6