In order to reduce the fouling caused by milk during heat treatment, it is important to know more about the deposition process of calcium phosphate, one of the main components of milk fouling, on stainless steel surfaces. The fouling behaviour of calcium phosphate is controlled by several factors related to both the fouling solution properties and the surface characteristics. The present work is focused on the influence of two of these factors: 1) the size and size distribution of the calcium phosphate aggregates formed in solution upon heating and 2) the surface tension values of the deposition surface. It was possible to conclude that maximum deposit build up occurs at the temperature corresponding to the formation, in the bulk, of amorphous sphere-like calcium phosphate particles of about 0.1mm diameter and considering the surface effect, the maximum deposition is obtained on those surfaces having higher surface tension values.
R. Rosmaninho, G. Rizzo, H. Müller-Steinhagen, and L. F. Melo, "Study of The Influence of Bulk Properties and Surface Tension on the Deposition Process of Calcium Phosphate on Modified Stainless Steel" in "Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning: Fundamentals and Applications", Paul Watkinson, Hans Müller-Steinhagen, and M. Reza Malayeri Eds, ECI Symposium Series, Volume RP1 (2003). http://dc.engconfintl.org/heatexchanger/16