July 1-6, 2007
To minimize the negative effects of scale formation in heat exchangers, new anti-fouling strategies are focusing on the modification of heat transfer surfaces. These modifications should lead to tailored made surfaces for different technical applications. Aim of this surface modification is the extension of the induction period to minimize the negative effects of fouling and maximize the endurance of the heat exchanger. To achieve such, different surface coatings on stainless steel were investigated in respect of fouling tendency. The effect of flow velocity respectively Reynolds number on the induction time of CaSO4 crystallization fouling were tested in different test units. Diamond like carbon coatings are extending the induction time in every measured flow velocity. At higher Reynolds numbers, the effect of different surface crystallization due to energetic modification is reduced because of the dominating effect of the low adhesive surface. Thus the induction time can be extended by the factor of 2 for low fluid velocities (DLC or SICON®) and more than 20 for higher Reynolds numbers (DLC and SICON®). The combination of limited nucleation spots due to electro-chemical treatment of the substrate before coating can be a tailored made surface with maximum induction time for crystallization fouling.
T. Geddert, I. Bialuch, W. Augustin, and S. Scholl, "EXTENDING THE INDUCTION PERIOD OF CRYSTALLIZATION FOULING THROUGH SURFACE COATING" in "Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning VII", Hans Müller-Steinhagen, Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, German Aerospace Centre (DLR) and Institute for Thermodynamics and Thermal Engineering, University of Stuttgart, Germany; M. Reza Malayeri, University of Stuttgart, Germany; A. Paul Watkinson, The University of British Columbia, Canada Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2007). http://dc.engconfintl.org/heatexchanger2007/31