Conference Dates

July 1-6, 2007

First Page



A number of studies undertaken by Total have measured the improvement that can be expected when TurbotalTM inserts are installed in heat exchangers. These studies have fully established that TurbotalTM both improve heat transfer coefficient and mitigate fouling. It has been found that fouling levels vary with application. Consequently, economics of installing inserts are difficult to quantify. Gains must be estimated through specific tests. A model that predicts fouling development solves this problem. In this paper first steps towards the understanding of how TurbotalTM limits the fouling rate are described. Authors suggest that the calculation of both pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient in a tube equipped with insert can be used to extend the Ebert & Panchal fouling model to predict the fouling rate in tube equipped with TurbotalTM. This extension of the Ebert-Panchal Model requires adjustment of both the deposition term and the removal term. The deposition term can be adjusted by multiplying by the ratio of plain to enhanced heat transfer coefficients and the removal term can be based on the pressure drop imposed by the insert. This modified model is then compared with operating cases to verify its reliability. Further issues that require consideration are a mechanical effect that gives rise to limiting growth of the fouling deposit, and total suppression of fouling in parts of the exchanger into account.