Initiation of fatigue damage in ultra-fine grained thin films: Schmid, Taylor or Hall-Petch?
October 1-6, 2017
The evolution of fatigue damage in metallic films is usually described by several subsequent stages. First, the dislocation slip induces formation of slip steps and slip bands. Application of further cyclic mechanical load leads to formation of extrusion/intrusion couples and, finally, crack propagation. Although this general description of the fatigue damage development is well established and can be generally applied to different materials, surprisingly little is known about the very early stage of fatigue damage initiation especially for ultra-fine grained (UFG) and nanocrystalline thin films. From the point of view of classical plasticity theory, the plastic slip should occur first within most favorably oriented grains with the highest resolved shear stress that corresponds to the lowest Taylor factor or the highest Schmid factor. The core question which this presentation will try to address can be formulated as following: is it possible to predict where the fatigue damage will be initiated for a given UFG thin film with a given microstructure?
Polymer-supported thin Au and Cu films with UFG microstructures were subjected to cyclic strain with different amplitudes. By means of in-situ resistance measurements the cycle numbers corresponding to the very early stage of damage initiation were deduced. The surface and the microstructure of the films were then analyzed by the scanning electron microscopy and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD).
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Oleksandr Glushko, "Initiation of fatigue damage in ultra-fine grained thin films: Schmid, Taylor or Hall-Petch?" in "Nanomechanical Testing in Materials Research and Development VI", Karsten Durst, Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). http://dc.engconfintl.org/nanomechtest_vi/66