June 22-27, 2014
Transport properties and mechanisms as well as phase behavior under nanoscale confinement exhibit significant deviations from their bulk behavior. Phase behavior due to the significant effect of molecule-wall interactions as well as molecule-molecule interactions changes in nanopores. Additionally, in nanopores, when the mean free path of molecules is in the order of the pore radius, non-Darcy flow occurs. This phenomenon causes an increase in effective permeability of the flowing fluid. In this study, we focus on analyzing and determining the effect of phase behavior and transport properties change due to pore proximity on production from a shale gas condensate reservoir. Also, by Applying second-order Klinkenberg’s equation, effect of non-Darcy flow on production from the simulated reservoir is analyzed. Additionally, the effect of different connectivities between pore sizes on production is studied. A shale gas condensate reservoir with an Eagle Ford gas condensate as the reservoir fluid is modeled. The fluid contains 80% of light (C1-C3), 10% of intermediate (C4-C6), 10% of heavy components (C7+). The pore volume of the reservoir is divided into regions based on pore size distributions obtained from MICP experiments on Eagle Ford shale samples. Random and series connectives between pores are considered. Results indicated that when considering the decreasing pore size in the reservoir, fluid tends to behave more like a dry gas with the two-phase region shrinking therefore condensate drop-out and near wellbore permeability impairment is reduced. Considering effect of confinement did not greatly affect gas production but the liquid production increased significantly. After 15 years of production, Gas and condensate viscosities under confinement decrease 3-16% and 10-50% respectively. In general, phase behavior effect has a positive contribution to production while considering permeability variation with pore size has a negative impact on production. Connectivity type between different pore sizes has a pronounced effect and determines which of these factors has more impact on production. Results indicated that the non-Darcy flow is absent in the early stages of production where the pressure is significantly high. But as the reservoir pressure falls below 2000 psia, slip and transition flow occurs and results in an increase in apparent permeability and up to 5% in production. The results of this study can contribute significantly to our understanding of gas condensation and transport in shale formations thereby enabling improved field planning, well placement, completions design and facilities management.
Alireza Sanaei, Ahmad Jamili, and Jeffrey Callard, "Effects of non-Darcy flow and pore proximity on gas condensate production from nanopore unconventional resources" in "5th International Conference on Porous Media and Their Applications in Science, Engineering and Industry", Prof. Kambiz Vafai, University of California, Riverside; Prof. Adrian Bejan, Duke University; Prof. Akira Nakayama, Shizuoka University; Prof. Oronzio Manca, Seconda Università degli Studi Napoli Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2014). http://dc.engconfintl.org/porous_media_V/33