Membrane supports designed for Pd membranes
March 5-10, 2017
Unique properties such as high permeance and a theoretically infinite selectivity to hydrogen gas exhibited by Palladium (Pd)-based membranes have caused thin Palladium films to emerge as an attractive method to separate and purify hydrogen from syngas. Pd-based membrane costs are a considerable economic hindrance to transforming this technology into a commonly applied gas separation technology, hence, the cost of these membranes needs to be reduced significantly. Cost reduction can be achieved by utilising composite membranes, composed of a thin dense layer of a Pd alloy deposited onto a porous support structure. While significant research has focused on Pd-based top layer optimisation, the physical properties of each sublayer have all but been ignored. In order to address challenges such as stability and durability of membranes, membrane production and operation costs more effectively, the current work aims to look at each layer as an integral part of the membrane system instead of unlinked individual layers.
The end product of Pd-based membrane development should exhibit the following characteristics; a) defect-free continuous films, without protruding defects which would negatively affect the quality of the collected permeate gas, b) mechanically and chemically stable films, to hinder the formation of defects during the lifetime of the membrane under operating conditions, c) the film should have minimum thickness required in order to obtain a) and b) as excessive thickness will have a detrimental impact on H2 permeance and material cost.
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Olivia Barron, Cordelia Sita, Bernard Jan Bladergroen, and Vladimir Linkov, "Membrane supports designed for Pd membranes" in "Separations Technology IX: New Frontiers in Media, Techniques, and Technologies", Kamalesh K. Sirkar, New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA Steven M. Crame, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA João G. Crespo, LAQV-Requimte, FCT-Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, Portugal Marco Mazzotti, ETH Zurich, Switzerland Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). http://dc.engconfintl.org/separations_technology_ix/29