Biorefinery to produce activated carbon from biomass - an approach for a biogas refining process
March 5-10, 2017
Waste management has become a critical issue in terms of global warming and contamination of natural resources. Specifically, the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Wastes (OFMSW) is produced worldwide in high amounts, while maize, the most produced cereal in the world, generates wastes that often exceed the organic-C needed for soil fertility. Anaerobic Digestion (AD) offers the opportunity to generate biogas from those feedstoks, which is a renewable energy source suitable (i) for electricity and heat production, (ii) grid injection, or (iii) to be used as a fuel in transportation sector. The last two options are possible after biogas conditioning and upgrading to biomethane (CH4 > 97% v/v).
This work applies a biorefinery concept (Figure 1) to valorize the mentioned wastes by submitting them to a co-AD, producing activated carbon (from the solid fraction of the digestate) capable of being used to develop a refining process to upgrade biogas (AD gas fraction) to biomethane.
Firstly, the co-AD efficiency (after proper optimization of the process conditions) is assessed by the (i) efficiency of the pre-treatment the maize cob waste (co-substrate); (ii) efficiency of the conversion of the organic substrate fed to the anaerobic digester (hydrolysed OFMSW from a Portuguese company of waste treatment and valorization, plus maize cob from Coruche Portuguese county) into biogas; (iii) biogas volume produced; and (iv) biogas quality. A bench-scale anaerobic digester with a biogas storage system is used for this purpose. H2S mitigation in the biogas produced is studied by using a pre-conditioning guard bed placed before the biogas upgrading process.
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Isabel Esteves, Nuno Lapa, Elena Surra, Suzanna Lancinha, Maria Bernardo, Isabel Fonseca, Rui Ribeiro, and José Paulo Mota, "Biorefinery to produce activated carbon from biomass - an approach for a biogas refining process" in "Separations Technology IX: New Frontiers in Media, Techniques, and Technologies", Kamalesh K. Sirkar, New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA Steven M. Crame, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA João G. Crespo, LAQV-Requimte, FCT-Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, Portugal Marco Mazzotti, ETH Zurich, Switzerland Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). http://dc.engconfintl.org/separations_technology_ix/9