Effects of Hf, B, Cr and Zr alloying on mechanical properties and oxidation resistance of Nb-Si based ultrahigh temperature alloy
July 17-21, 2016
Multi-component Nb-Si based ultrahigh temperature alloys were prepared by vacuum non-consumable arc melting. The effects of Hf, B, Zr and Cr alloying on the phase selection, phase stability, both non-equilibrium and equilibrium microstructure, room-temperature fracture toughness, hardness and oxidation resistance at 1250 oC of the alloys have been investigated and estimated systematically. The results show that the addition of B or Cr promotes the formation of hypereutectic structures. The alloying with both Hf and B suppresses the formation of β(Nb,X)5Si3 and promotes the formation of α(Nb,X)5Si3 and γ(Nb,X)5Si3, while the alloying with Cr has no effect on the crystal structures of 5-3 silicides. The room-temperature fracture toughness of the alloys is always degraded by the addition of Cr but almost not influenced by the combined additions of Hf and B. The hardness of 5-3 silicides exhibits a tendency of γ > α > β. The macrohardness of the alloys increases with Cr addition, and it obviously reduces in the presence of Hf after 1450 oC/50 h heat-treatment. The best oxidation-resistant performance has been obtained for the alloy with both B and Cr additions. However, in the presence of B and/or Cr, the oxidation resistance of the alloys has been degraded by further addition of Hf.
Both sizes and amounts of primary γ-(Nb, X)5Si3 increase with Zr contents in the alloy. Both adhesion and compactness of the scales are improved effectively by increase in Zr content. The mass gain and thickness of the scale decrease with increase in Zr contents, indicating that Zr addition can improve the oxidation resistance of the alloys significantly.
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Xiping Guo, Song Zhang, Yuxiang Zeng, and Yanqiang Qiao, "Effects of Hf, B, Cr and Zr alloying on mechanical properties and oxidation resistance of Nb-Si based ultrahigh temperature alloy" in "Beyond Nickel-Based Superalloys II", Chair: Dr Howard J. Stone, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom Co-Chairs: Prof Bernard P. Bewlay, General Electric Global Research, USA Prof Lesley A. Cornish, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2016). http://dc.engconfintl.org/superalloys_ii/31