Phase equilibria in the Nb-Si-Ge phase diagram
July 17-21, 2016
Niobium silicide-based in-situ composites have the potential to supersede nickel-based superalloys due to their excellent high temperature mechanical properties and low density. A thermodynamic database is being developed using the CALPHAD method to aid in alloy development. The addition of small amounts of germanium into these systems is of particular interest as it can significantly improve oxidation resistance. For example, germanium is reported to benefit high temperature oxidation resistance of coatings used on refractory silicide alloys by the formation of a glassy GeO2.SiO2 phase which fills cracks and is impermeable to further oxygen penetration. The effect of germanium on the phases formed in bulk niobium silicide-based in-situ composites is not particularly well understood, and limited data exists in the literature.
To understand the effect of germanium on alloys, a thermodynamic description of the ternary Nb-Si-Ge phase diagram has been developed using the Calphad method. To support thermodynamic modelling samples were produced along the Nb5Ge3-Nb5Si3 pseudo binary and assessed using XRD. Experimental results show that germanium stabilises the high temperature Nb5Si3 (W5Si3 prototype) to low temperatures. The thermodynamic assessment will be presented and compared to experimental data from the current work and the literature.
Claire A. Utton, Ioannis Papadimitriou, Hajime Kinoshita, and Panos Tsakiropoulos, "Phase equilibria in the Nb-Si-Ge phase diagram" in "Beyond Nickel-Based Superalloys II", Chair: Dr Howard J. Stone, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom Co-Chairs: Prof Bernard P. Bewlay, General Electric Global Research, USA Prof Lesley A. Cornish, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2016). http://dc.engconfintl.org/superalloys_ii/64