Correlation between porosity, amorphous phase and CMAS corrosion behaviour of LaMgAl11O19 thermal barrier coatings
June 24-29, 2018
Calcium-magnesium-alumino-silicate (CMAS) attack is one of the significant failure mechanisms of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs), which can facilitate TBC’s degradation at elevated temperatures. To clarify the correlation between the porosity, CMAS corrosion behaviour, lanthanum magnesium hexaluminate (LaMgAl11O19, LMA) TBCs were prepared by atmospheric plasma spraying (APS) and then heat-treated at 1173K and 1523K, respectively. For comparison, LMA tablets were prepared by mechanical and cold isostatic pressing. CMAS attack at 1523K was carried out both for LMA tablets and LMA coatings. Their microstructure, phase composition, and crystallization behavior after CMAS attack were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction as well as differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results indicated that CMAS attack was arrested for LMA tablets due to the formation of a dense crystalline layer induced by the chemical interactions between LMA and CMAS glass, while the as-sprayed LMA coatings were completely penetrated by molten CMAS due to the presence of amorphous phase and connected pores. Although the isothermal heat-treatment promoted a crystallization of LMA coatings, much vertical cracks formed during heat-treatment. The heat-treated LMA coatings suffered a severer CMAS attack than the as-sprayed one, since the vertical cracks inevitably provided efficient infiltration paths for molten CMAS.
Shujuan Dong, Jinyan Zeng, Junbin Sun, Jianing Jiang, Longhui Deng, Xin Zhou, and Xueqiang Cao, "Correlation between porosity, amorphous phase and CMAS corrosion behaviour of LaMgAl11O19 thermal barrier coatings" in "Thermal Barrier Coatings V", Prof. Dr. Robert Vaßen, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany Brian Hazel, Pratt & Whitney, USA Prof. Dr. Uwe Schulz, German Aerospace Center, Germany Dr. Michael J. Maloney, Pratt & Whitney, USA Dr. Ram Darolia, GE Aviation (Retired), USA Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2018). http://dc.engconfintl.org/tbcv/11