In-situ phase diagram determination of the HfO2-Ta2O5 binary up to 3000˚C
September 17-20, 2017
Ceramic equilibrium phase diagrams have proven to be difficult to produce for materials above 1500 ˚C. We demonstrate that in-situ X-ray diffraction on laser-heated, levitated samples can be used to elucidate phase fields. In these experiments, solid spherical samples were suspended and rotated by a gas stream through a conical nozzle levitator, heated by a 400 W CO2 laser at beamline 6-ID-D of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory. X-ray diffraction patterns suitable for Rietveld refinement were collected at 100˚C temperature intervals and were used to determine the phase fraction of phases present. The temperature of each phase was determined based on thermal expansion data collected by powder diffraction in conjunction with the Quadrupole Lamp Furnace (QLF) at beamline 33-BM-C. HfO2-Ta2O5 was investigated as an example system due to its high melting points and application in refractories and electronics.
Scott J. McCormack, Denys Kapush, Richard Weber, Alexandra Navrotsky, and Waltraud M. Kriven, "In-situ phase diagram determination of the HfO2-Ta2O5 binary up to 3000˚C" in "Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics: Materials for Extreme Environment Applications IV", Jon Binner, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kingdom Bill Lee, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). http://dc.engconfintl.org/uhtc_iv/43