November 5-9, 2017
In support of NASA’s Aeronautics Research Mission, the Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, OH, has been developing and assessing the performance of high temperature SiC/SiC ceramic matrix composites (CMCs), both with and without protective coatings, for turbine engine applications. Combinations of highly creep-resistant SiC fibers, advanced 3D weaves, durable environmental barrier coatings (EBCs), and a 2700°F-capable hybrid SiC matrix have been evaluated. The effects of steam and thermal gradients on composite durability and means of monitoring and modeling damage are also being investigated. Additional studies focused on understanding the creep of SiC fibers and the behavior of SiC/SiC minicomposites that are being tested under a range of conditions are helping GRC model the thermomechanical behavior of SiC/SiC CMCs. Higher TRL (Technology Readiness Level) testing is being pursued, and SiC/SiC composites with alternate matrices providing self-healing capability are being explored. An overview of those studies will be provided. The development and validation of models for predicting the effects of the environment on the durability of CMCs and EBCs and other operating-environment challenges including the effect of CMAS (calcium magnesium aluminosilicate) degradation of EBCs will be discussed. Previous oxide/oxide composite development efforts will also be reviewed.
James D. Kiser et al, Joseph E. Grady, Craig E. Smith, Roy M. Sullivan, Valerie L. Wiesner, Janet B. Hurst, Steven M. Arnold, Dongming Zhu, Amjad S. Almansour, Ramakrishna T. Bhatt, Sreeramesh Kalluri, and Sai Raj, "Overview of ceramic matrix composite research at NASA Glenn Research Center" in "Advanced Ceramic Matrix Composites: Science and Technology of Materials, Design, Applications, Performance and Integration", Yutaka Kagawa, Tokyo University of Technology, Japan Dongming Zhu, NASA Glenn Research Center, USA Ram Darolia, GE Aviation (retired), USA Rishi Raj, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). https://dc.engconfintl.org/acmc/50