Distortion of surfactant lamellar phases with particles and rough interfaces
July 31-August 4, 2017
Even simple liquid crystal phases of surfactants display a rich variety of behavior and the understanding of the physical principles of factors that cause changes is important. It has been suggested recently that defects in liquid crystals can be important in respect of biological function of cells1. Inserting large colloidal particles even at low concentrations is known to perturb strongly the lamellar phases of non-ionic surfactants2. Our recent work has explored the difference between small perturbations of the order of the lamellar spacing and larger distortions that may primarily change the curvature and geometry by comparing effects of different size particles and by observing the modifications due to roughness in the proximity of solid/liquid interfaces. The interplay of thermal fluctuations as described by Helfrich3 that stabilize these phases and the perturbations is significant. For example both the spacing and orientation are modified with temperature and roughness near an interface. Studies of bulk and near surface behavior will be reported and discussed in terms of theoretical ideas.
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Adrian R. Rennie, Maja S. Hellsing, and Shirin Nouhi, "Distortion of surfactant lamellar phases with particles and rough interfaces" in "Association in Solution IV", Ulf Olsson, Lund University, Sweden Norman Wagner, University of Delaware, USA Anand Yethiraj, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). https://dc.engconfintl.org/assoc_solution_iv/31