Conference Dates

September 15-20, 2019


The economy of the whole wastewater treatment system is significantly burdened by the increasing amounts of sewage sludge due to the progressive implementation of the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive 91/271/EEC and by the complexity of the treatments required for guaranteeing a safe handling and a proper end-of-life of the sludge. For this reason, thermal treatments of sewage sludge have been studied in the past for their efficient valorization in terms of energy and/or matter recovery. Among them, pyrolysis represents a viable route aiming at the recycling of resources without production of harmful substances to the humans or the environment. A lot of work has been done on the use of sludge-derived char as a fertilizer and soil conditioner showing its safer application with respect to the untreated sludge. The nutrients were intensified with the temperature rising (except nitrogen) and the bioavailability and the leaching of heavy metals was reduced [1]. However, the physical and chemical characteristics of biochar can be exploited also for the production of high value-added materials. Carbon materials such as nanotubes received a great attention due to their ability to enhance mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of polymer composites [2], but high costs and low reproducibility have discouraged their use. In this study sludge-derived char (SCHAR) is studied as a possible alternative to other high cost carbon fillers. Sewage sludge from a civil wastewater treatment plant was pyrolyzed both in slow [3] and fast [4] pyrolysis conditions at three different temperatures, 500, 600 and 700 °C. A lignocellulosic biomass was also processed in the same experimental conditions for comparing the SCHARs with typical biochars (BCHARs).

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