April 10-14, 2016
Zerronox Corporation is a technology company addressing the market for emission abatement from fossil fuel power plants, specifically coal, natural gas, oil and diesel. Our mission is to commercialize the patented pulsed electron beam (PEB) technology for the cost effective removal of carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides (NOx), and other exhaust stream pollutants such as sulfur oxides and mercury. The core technology was developed by the Naval Research Laboratory over the past fifteen years with a total investment from the DOE of more than $150M. Consequently, the developed technology is industrial scale in scope and has been tested for durability.
The Company was formed to address the increasing emission standards promulgated by governmental regulatory agencies including the Clean Power Plan for CO2 , and the Regional Haze Rule, the Cross State Air Pollution Rule and the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for NOx.
Today, conventional emission control processes are complex chemical operations that require heat, catalysts and reagents producing unusable by-products. Unlike these conventional emission abatement approaches, PEB uses physics rather than chemistry to break chemical bonds. In turn, there is no need for chemical reactions, high temperatures or catalysts. Consequently, capital and operational costs are approximately 5x-10x lower than the conventional removal technologies.
The Zerronox PEB system uses two electron beam sources located on opposite sides of a continuous flow reaction chamber. These pulsed electron beams are generated by cathodes and emit symmetrically into a reaction chamber. Each pulse lasts for less than one millionth of a second, but produces hundreds of billions of watts of power for the conversion of emissions. As flue gas passes through the reaction chamber, the beam deposits its energy into the passing molecules, breaking their chemical bonds.
There are many paths to leverage the PEB technology to reduce or convert carbon dioxide into useable products. Below are four possible processes.
Four potential processes for CO2 abatement:
First process: Use PEB to ionize CO2 to form CO2 + or CO2 + +
- Break CO2 + or CO2 + + apart using catalysts or reagents
- React with hydrogen or methane to form synfuels
Second process: Use PEB to form either carbonates or hydrocarbons
- Will likely require salts, ammonia, urea or catalysts
Third process: Use PEB to cluster CO2 to form (CO2) n
- Explore process using higher gas temperatures rather than condensation
- Store or dispose of solid (CO2) n by binding or coating with other chemicals
- Requires very low energy: plant power of <5%
Fourth process: Use PEB to convert coal to synfuels or marketable hydrocarbons
The above processes are possible because modeling shows CO2 recombination after PEB is a relatively slow process (>1 sec).
We are estimating 5-10% of the plant’s power to remove 30-50% of carbon dioxide and 2% to 3% of the plant’s power to remove 80% of NOx, both of which are significantly lower cost alternatives than conventional emission removal technologies. Notably, the PEB system is modular in design that easily can be sized to meet the needs of any power company by merely building the required number of identical modules.
In summary, Zerronox is well-positioned to become a leader in emission control systems. We have an experienced team of executives and engineers who are proven in developing technologies and scaling companies. Presently, a research program at the Naval Research Laboratory is ready to find solutions utilizing the pulsed electron beam approach that will be based on both theoretical and experimental plasma physics. We offer the power generation industry an opportunity to economically comply with ever-increasing regulations, while also improving air quality and mitigating the effects of greenhouse gases worldwide.
Stephen Kennedy, "Zerronox Corporation: Using pulsed electron beams for the removal of carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides and other emissions from power plants" in "CO2 Summit II: Technologies and Opportunities", Holly Krutka, Tri-State Generation & Transmission Association Inc. Frank Zhu, UOP/Honeywell Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2016). https://dc.engconfintl.org/co2_summit2/23