Hybrid organic-inorganic nano-composites for solid-state battery electrolytes

Conference Dates

November 10-14, 2019


Desired properties of solid electrolytes are high ionic conductivity and transference number, high shear modulus to prevent dendrite growth, chemical compatibility with electrodes, and ease of fabrication into thin films. Especially, elastic stiffness and ionic mobility are opposing attributes in a homogenous material, and a composite approach towards designing novel electrolytes is therefore advisable. We use a two-step sol-gel method to synthesize silica-based hybrid organic-inorganic materials for this application. First, a continuous porous silica structure is created that provides electrochemical stability and mechanical rigidity. This network also contains unreacted epoxy groups. In step 2, single-sided amine-functionalized polyethene glycol (PEG-NH2) infiltrates the pores via fluid exchange. As PEG-NH2 fills the pores, the amine groups react with the epoxy groups and anchor the polymer to the silica network, which provides highly conductive pathways. IR spectroscopy, Raman and Brillouin light scattering, impedance spectroscopy, small angel x-ray scattering (SAXS), charge-discharge cell testing is performed to identify the structural and chemical origins that underlie the performance of these hybrid electrolytes. A room temperature ionic conductivity in excess of 10-5 S/cm is reached (Fig. 1).

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