Expanding substrate scope and altering stereopreference of enzymes through advanced protein engineering
September 24-28, 2017
This lecture will highlight principle strategies and current challenges in enzyme discovery and protein engineering . These will be exemplified for amine transaminases (ATA) and Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases (BVMO). We took advantage of the vast number of protein sequences available from databases to facilitate the discovery of novel enzymes and guide the design of 'small, but smart' mutant libraries. For the synthesis of chiral amines, we performed an in silico analysis and identified a toolbox of novel (R)-selective ATAs  as well as (S)-selective enzymes from a structure-guided search . We also performed an in-depth bioinformatic analysis of a PLP-dependent superfamily resulting in the identification of distinct motifs for 21 types of PLP-dependent enzymes . More recently, we could engineer (S)-selective ATA for the acceptance of bulky ketones in the asymmetric synthesis of chiral amines [5, 6]. For BVMOs, we could recently engineer these enzymes to efficiently accept the cofactor NADH instead of NADPH . Furthermore, we demonstrated how we could invert their stereopreference [8, unpublished].  Bornscheuer, U.T., et al., Nature, 485, 185-194 (2012); Kazlauskas, R.J., Bornscheuer, U.T., Nat. Chem. Biol., 5, 526-529 (2009); Lutz, S., Bornscheuer, U.T. (Eds.) Protein Engineering Handbook, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (2009, 2012).  Höhne, M. et al., Nature Chem. Biol., 6, 807-813 (2010); Schätzle, S. et al., Adv. Synth. Catal., 353, 2439-2445 (2011).  Steffen-Munsberg, F. et al., ChemCatChem, 5, 150-153 (2013); ChemCatChem, 5, 154-157 (2013)  Steffen-Munsberg, F. et al., Biotechnol. Adv., 33, 566-604 (2015).  Nobili, A. et al., ChemCatChem, 7, 757-760 (2015).  Pavlidis, I., et al., Nature Chem., 8, 1076-1082 (2016); Weiß, M.S. et al. Org. Biol. Chem., 14, 10249-10254 (2016).  Balke, K., et al., ACS Chem. Biol., 11, 38-43 (2016).  Beier, A., et al., ChemBioChem, 17, 2312-2315 (2016).
Uwe Bornscheuer, "Expanding substrate scope and altering stereopreference of enzymes through advanced protein engineering" in "Enzyme Engineering XXIV", Pierre Monsan, Toulouse White Biotechnology, France Magali Remaud-Simeon, LISBP-INSA, University of Toulouse, France Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). https://dc.engconfintl.org/enzyme_xxiv/141