Redesign of water networks for efficient biocatalysis
September 24-28, 2017
The state-of-the art in the biocatalytic generation of renewable polymers, fine chemicals and medicines lays in enzyme discovery and engineering programs to afford enzymes with extended catalytic versatilities and enhanced performance . However, the fundamental question how enzymes work, which has continuously fascinated researchers for almost 140 years, remains partly unsolved. We do not today fully understand the impact of enzyme motion and dynamics in driving biocatalysis, and the evolution of novel catalytic functions, which hampers the full potential of enzyme design. Herein, our fundamental understanding of how protein and solvent dynamics facilitates biocatalysis and the emergence of catalytic function is advanced through an interdisciplinary approach that merges computational enzyme design, bioinformatics, experimental biocatalysis and biophysics with state-of-the art protein mass spectrometry. We explore the untapped opportunity to relocate water molecules in solvated binding pockets by protein design to afford biocatalysts with extended catalytic versatilities and improved properties (Figure 1). Based on an enhanced understanding of dynamics, recent results from our enzyme engineering and synthetic biology programs centered on expanding the catalytic scope of biocatalysts beyond nature’s current capabilities for applications in textile recycling, material science and fine chemical synthesis will be high-lighted
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Per-Olof Syrén, "Redesign of water networks for efficient biocatalysis" in "Enzyme Engineering XXIV", Pierre Monsan, Toulouse White Biotechnology, France Magali Remaud-Simeon, LISBP-INSA, University of Toulouse, France Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2017). https://dc.engconfintl.org/enzyme_xxiv/154