Exploring donor substrate promiscuity of a Thermostable Transketolase by directed evolution

Conference Dates

September 24-28, 2017


Enzymes catalyzing asymmetric carboligation reactions typically show very high specificity for their nucleophilic substrate. Transketolase (TK, EC catalyses a reversible transfer of a hydroxylated C2 fragment among phosphorylated ketoses and aldoses. [1] Native TK converts a large variety of (2R)-hydroxyaldehydes as the electrophilic acceptor substrates, but apart from its natural phosphoketose donors TK accepts only hydroxy­pyruvate (hydroxylated donor) (Figure 1). In contrast, 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase (DXS, EC catalyzes the specific decarboxylative transfer of the acetyl moiety from pyruvate (non-hydroxylated donor) to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to yield 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate (DXP), which constitutes the first step into the non-mevalonate biosynthesis of terpenoids (Figure 1).[2] Reactions of native TK and DXS are mutually exclusive in vivo.

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