Understanding enzymes specificities as a tool for cofactor engineering

Conference Dates

September 15-19, 2019


S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) is the second most abundant cofactor in nature after adenosyl triphosphate (ATP). SAM is synthesized in a cell by Methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT) using ATP and methionine and it is used as a methyl donor to methylate different substrates (DNA, protein, RNA, small molecules) by methyltransferases (Mtases). The methylation is a key process for cellular regulation and aberrant methylation associated with the disease condition. We are aiming at engineering two-steps pathway for an orthogonal cofactor, for this purpose we first decided to explore the promiscuities of the nucleotide base of ATP for two enzymes (MAT and Mtases). To find good candidates for these engineering we expressed and purified MAT from different organisms. We found MAT from specific organisms are promiscuous for the new nucleotide-based cofactor. It is very interesting that certain MAT is promiscuous for nucleotides-based cofactor but are these newly formed cofactors also promiscuous for the methyltransferase (Mtases) who is the main user of theses cofactors? Further, we have also investigated promiscuity of the DNA methyltransferase (Mtases) from bacteria. Overall these findings lay the foundation for our engineering studies and hint at the evolution of these enzymes.


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