Conference Dates

May 16-21, 2010


This paper reports on a study of the attrition/fragmentation behavior of different bed materials and fuel pellets for application in fluidized bed gasification. Three different bed materials displaying catalytic activity, namely fresh and sintered dolomite and a Ni-alumina catalyst, were tested for their resistance to fragmentation and attrition in fluidized bed. The fresh dolomite displayed extensive particle breakage upon calcination and a large production of attrited fines during fluidized bed operation. The other two materials were much more resistant to attrition and appeared to be suitable for further long-term operation testing. The attrition/fragmentation resistance of three pelletized fuels, one based on wood and the other two on a mixture of wood and coal, was also characterized under both inert and gasification conditions. Pellet breakage by primary fragmentation upon devolatilization appeared to be rather limited for all fuels. On the contrary, attrition of carbon fines from the char particles during gasification was extensive, due to a gasification-assisted attrition mechanism.