Riser hydrodynamics and cluster characterization by Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Digital Image Analysis (DIA) coupling

Conference Dates

May 22-27, 2016


We present a recently developed DIA technique that can provide full-field hydrodynamic measurements of a pseudo-2D lab scale riser reactor. The main strength of this DIA technique is the full-field measurement of solids volume fraction under riser flow conditions. It provides high quality data to perform cluster detection and characterization. In depth knowledge of the behavior of clusters is important because these heterogeneities have a large influence on mass transfer phenomena.

Riser hydrodynamics have been widely investigated in the last decades. Several experimental techniques have been employed to obtain hydrodynamic data of heterogeneity due to cluster formation in a riser flow. However, cluster-related phenomena are difficult to quantify by most of these techniques that only provide local information or/and are limited by the high number of sensors needed to describe the full flow field of the system. Full-field DIA techniques were previously applied on lab scale units under bubbling fluidization regime, where a calibration with a known solids weight was needed (1). However, under riser flow conditions, this is inherently changing and it lacks a robust methodology to quantify solids concentration for these systems. The conventional full-field DIA techniques also had severe difficulties to filter image imperfections that arise, e.g., due to inhomogeneous lighting.

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