Use of soda lime glass waste as silica supplier in fly ash based geopolymers

Conference Dates

May 27-June 1, 2018


Geopolymers have been primarily proposed for the construction industry as a substitute for Portland cement considering the lower CO2 emissions associated with their production. The relatively high compressive strength and chemical inertness of geopolymers, in addition to the possibility to incorporate in the network hazardous waste materials, increase the current interest in this technology. Geopolymers are usually composed of an aluminosilicate source activated with a solution of sodium silicate and sodium hydroxide. The present study evaluates the feasibility of using waste glass as silica source instead of water glass in geopolymer production, using sodium hydroxide as the only non-waste material.The samples were developed changing the SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio and the molarity of the sodium hydroxide solution.

Fig. 1 shows that the compressive strength tends to rise as the molarity of the solution as well as the SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio increase. The compressive strength values, around 45 MPa, are comparable to those of traditional Portland cement and they are remarkable considering the high amount of waste glass (70% wt.) incorporated in the matrix . SEM pictures demonstrated the formation of a compact matrix indicating the high reaction degree of the raw materials.

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