Energy integration of high pressure processes using gas turbines and internal combustion engines

Conference Dates

June 19-24, 2016


High pressure processes (e.g. sustainable hydrothermal manufacturing of nanomaterials [1], supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) [2] and biomass hydrolysis [3]) require high operational conditions. Water at high pressure and temperature conditions improves kinetic, selectivity and efficiency of these processes but entail high-energy operational expenditure. Use of fluids at high operational conditions makes necessary to supply heat of high quality, as well as power. Because of this, it is necessary to study reasonable solutions for energy recovery and integration in order to achieve the energy self-sufficiency of the process and, if possible, the net power production and with a viable efficiency [4].

In this work, the energy integration of supercritical water oxidation process is being studied. One solution that has been recently proposed is the integration of supercritical processes with energy production in cogeneration or Combined Heat and Power (CHP) cycles. Cogeneration is defined as the simultaneous production of various forms of energy – being the most frequent heat and shaft work, i.e., power – from one power source. The implementation of CHP processes is often joined to the use of gas turbines (GT) [3, 5]. SCWO process produces a high pressure reactor outlet stream, being these mainly composed of water, nitrogen and carbon dioxide and can be thermally integrated if there is a necessity of heat in other parts of the process. At the same time, it is possible to use this effluent to implement a steam injection in the gas turbine, which will improve the efficiency of the global process. This mechanism links the process of SCWO with the cogeneration process (Fig. 1). Steam injection is a technique which can increase the ability of a plant to generate extra power without burning extra fuel and requiring moderate capital investment. In its most basic form, steam injection works by increasing the global mass flow rate through the gas turbine without increasing the mass of air compressed.

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