Measuring Recycling and Recycled Content Benefits in LCA ‐ Implications for Policy Design

Conference Dates

June 5 – 10, 2022


There is an increasing pressure on European Member States to improve the environmental performance of their waste management sector and to meet the more demanding legal objectives and targets. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a transparent and robust tool that can help achieve this purpose and provide a comprehensive environmental assessment that can support decision-making. However, policy-relevant results are dependent on the way one measures recycling and recycled content. The present study aims to apply different end-of-life modelling approaches and analyze their results in terms of their recommendations for policy making, using the illustrative case study of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles. The functional unit of 1 kg of packaging was defined and processes from the Ecoinvent database were used to model the production of the PET bottles and the production of recycled PET granulate from post-consumer waste PET.

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