Conference Dates

October 4-9, 2015


Miniaturisation of devices and a paradigm shift toward using compliant material require small scale characterisation techniques such as nanoindentation [1]. Initial non-conformity of contact and delayed elasticity on the unloading curve are not currently taking into account in nanoindentation methods [2, 3], where the unloading curve is seen fully elastic. A different approach has been taken which considers actual localised deformation during nanoindentation, thus the proposed method [4] is able to acquire untainted elastic or viscoelastic response data. The method, validated for both viscous and non-viscous materials, takes into account the correction of the stiffness associated with the delayed elasticity at initial unloading and determines modulus with less variability even if testing conditions are non-quasi-static. The key step in the methodology is to account for initial conformity of the contact, the nose-out phenomena and delayed elasticity. Thus a full elastic point (FEP) is determined as seen in the figure 1. Traditionally to eliminate the initial delayed elastic response a multi-cycle approach was needed, whereas in our method any materials, even viscous, can be tested under any test conditions in a single loading-unloading cycle. The algorithm is universally applicable. Experiments were conducted on six different viscous materials under single and multi cycle loading conditions to validate our method to existing ones [2–3]. Multi-cycle test on PET & PEN are reported in figure 2. It was found that except for rubber all the different materials studied by using just a single-cycle, our method determined values equally well as previous Oliver and Pharr method [2] with less variation. For multi-cycle tests our method is capable of producing results as good as the fourth-cycle of Feng’s method [3], thus time and cost of experimentation can be reduced. So this method becomes appropriate as a standardised technique, and also for the characterisation of polymers which have been an issue in the past.