Best practices of Russia in extracting ree from fertilizer waste
April 29-May 4, 2018
Rare earth elements (REE) are as well classified as EU critical metals. The Finnish apatite minerals, industrially utilized for manufacturing phosphate fertilizers represent a potential secondary source of REE. In the current fertilizer manufacturing process even 80% of the REE will end up in the phosphogypsum (PG) side product, which then holds 0.15–0.5 % of REE. So far economical means of recovering REE from apatite or PG have not been found. Novel active extraction or ion exchange methods have been recently examined by UrFU.
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Sergey Kirillov, Maxim Botalov, Grigory Bunkov, Denis Smyshlyaev, Andrey Malyshev, Vladimir Rychkov, and Evgeny Kirillov, "Best practices of Russia in extracting ree from fertilizer waste" in "Beneficiation of Phosphates VIII", Dr. Patrick Zhang, Florida Industrial and Phosphate Research Institute, USA Professor Jan Miller, University of Utah, USA Professor Laurindo Leal Filho, Vale Institute of Technology (ITV), Brazil Marius Porteus, Foskor-Mining Division, South Africa Professor Neil Snyders, Stellenbosch University, South Africa Mr. Ewan Wingate, WorleyParsons Services Pty Ltd., Australia Prof. Guven Akdogan, Stellenbosch University, South Africa Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2018). https://dc.engconfintl.org/phosphates_viii/2