Model-based design of MADIX under bulk and solution conditions
May 20-25, 2018
Macromolecular design by interchange of xanthates (MADIX) is a less studied controlled radical polymerization technique from a mechanistic and modeling point of view. In this contribution, MADIX of styrene and chain extension toward the synthesis of block copolymers is investigated, with azobisisobutyronitrile as conventional radical initiator and O-ethylxanthyl ethyl propionate as initial RAFT agent (R0X). Degenerative transfer coefficients for both the exchange with R0X and macro-RAFT agent are reported and their difference is highlighted to be relevant for the kinetic description. The model validity is supported by measurement of end-group functionality (EGF) data considering elemental analysis. Novel mechanistic insights are that in contrast to typical reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerizations the macroradical CLD follows a Schulz-Flory distribution and that both during the homopolymerization and the chain extensions an exchange, so with monomer incorporation, only takes place once .
 D.J.G. Devlaminck, P.H.M. Van Steenberge, M.-F. Reyniers, D.R. D’hooge, Polym Chem. 2017, 8, 6948
Dagmar R. D'hooge, Dries J.G. Devlaminck, Paul H.M. Van Steenberge, L. De Keer, and Marie-Françoise Reyniers, "Model-based design of MADIX under bulk and solution conditions" in "Polymer Reaction Engineering X (PRE 10)", John Tsavalas, University of New Hampshire, USA Fouad Teymour, Illinois Institute of Technology, USA Jeffrey Stubbs, HP Inc., USA Jose R. Leiza, University of the Basque Country, Spain Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2018). https://dc.engconfintl.org/prex/34