Designing controlled radical polymerization: A selection of a terminal or penultimate model for the intrinsic reactivities
May 20-25, 2018
In the past decades many efforts have been devoted to understand and design controlled radical polymerization (CRP) techniques such as atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) and nitroxide mediated polymerization (NMP). A crucial aspect is the use of detailed reaction schemes and the appropriate correction for diffusional limitations. Limited focus has however paid to the impact of penultimate monomer unit (PMU) effects, which can be explained by the complexity of the associated kinetic models with multiple reaction channels and the lack of data on reactivity ratios, in particular for NMP specific reactions. In the present contribution, it is demonstrated that depending on the comonomer pairs and the reaction conditions either a terminal  or penultimate model  is more suited. For copolymerizations with equimolar conditions for the comonomer amounts the PMU can be very pronounced even if based on the reactivity ratios as such this is not expected (Figure 1).
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Dagmar R. D'hooge, S.K. Fierens, Marie-Françoise Reyniers, Guy B. Marin, and Paul H.M. Van Steenberge, "Designing controlled radical polymerization: A selection of a terminal or penultimate model for the intrinsic reactivities" in "Polymer Reaction Engineering X (PRE 10)", John Tsavalas, University of New Hampshire, USA Fouad Teymour, Illinois Institute of Technology, USA Jeffrey Stubbs, HP Inc., USA Jose R. Leiza, University of the Basque Country, Spain Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2018). https://dc.engconfintl.org/prex/36