Rapid and high-capacity MgO composites by salt-controllable precipitation for pre- combustion CO2 capture

Conference Dates

March 5-10, 2017


Pre-combustion CO2 capture at intermediate temperatures can allow for more flexibility to control over CO2 emission in various industrial processes. For example, the pre-combustion capture can be applied for an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) due to the use of relatively mild operating temperatures and accessible heat sources. Efficient materials for CO2 capture and H2 production in water gas shift reactor can contribute to improving the overall reliability and efficiency in IGCC process.

As a first step, we presented triple salt-promoted MgO composites (NaNaLi salts) by a precipitation method to enhance sorption capacity, rate, and stability. In the conventional precipitation method, a filtration step makes control and reproductivity of the salt composition difficult owing to the unknown residual salts. In this study, we developed a synthesis procedure of precipitation method to control the composition of salts as well as improve physical properties. As-prepared MgO exhibited excellent sorption capacities of 73.0 wt.% at 325 °C in pure CO2 and high sorption rate within 10 min. Stability of composites were evaluated under various gas and time condition and were superior to those of the other MgO-based sorbents reported. With a wet gas mixture (29% CO2, 3% H2O, and balance N2) for sorption and CO2 regeneration, the working capacity stabilized after 20 cycles at 23 and 4.6 wt% for 60/15 min and 10/5 min cycles, respectively. The enhancement and reduction of working capacity along cycles were explained based on liquid phase sintering, i.e., rearrangement, solid-reprecipitation, and densification.

However, too long sorption time in the capacity evaluation is not practical because a fixed bed or fluidized bed has a difficulty of temperature control and a large bed size to control high volumes of gases. Therefore, further development is required for an advanced sorbent with high sorption rate and capacity in practical utilization. Therefore, as a second step, a facile method for sorbent with rapid and high-capacity CO2 capture was developed by incorporating additional metal ioninto salt-promoted MgO sorbents using a coprecipitation. At the same fast cycle (10min/5min), the cyclic sorption capacity of 12 wt.% was observed from the developed MgO composite by using wet mixture sorption (29 vol.% CO2, vol.% H2O and N2 balance) and CO2 regeneration.

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