Conference Dates

June 7-10, 2009


A complex rheological model has been used recently at several Austrian tunnel job sites to determine stresses in a shotcrete lining. The raw data are from displacements measurements at the lining contour.

The analysis uses a material model based on a thermo-chemo-mechanical approach. This paper gives a short review of the theoretical background and two case studies. The first one considers a tunnel with top heading/bench and invert excavation and the second one a tunnel with a more complex structure with side galleries and core excavation.