Development of high temperature refractory-based multi-principle-component alloys by thermodynamic calculations and rapid alloy prototyping
July 17-21, 2016
Recently, new refractory-based high entropy alloys (HEAs) have been investigated for potential use as high temperature structural alloys, and some alloys exhibit excellent high temperature strength and ductility. While the high entropy alloy community is generally concerned with obtaining single phase solid-solution phases, secondary strengthening phases are usually required to achieve an adequate balance of mechanical and physical properties for structural applications. This contribution will report on new Mo,Nb-based alloys that have been developed using HEA design guidelines, as well as new tools that enable thermodynamic property predictions and rapid alloy prototyping and assessment.
An elemental palette of Mo-Nb-Hf-Ta-Ti-V-W-Zr was chosen in order to promote the formation of a single body-centered cubic (BCC) solid-solution phase upon solidification, which facilitates homogenization heat treatments. Al, Cr, and Si were also included to promote secondary phase formation. These 11 elements were then used to calculate the phases present and their reaction temperatures of 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-component alloy compositions from all of the available PandatTM databases. Mo and Nb were required to be present in each alloy composition in order to maintain modest alloy costs and densities.
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Michael S. Titus, Katelun N. Wertz, Jonathan D. Miller, Daniel B. Miracle, and Dierk Raabe, "Development of high temperature refractory-based multi-principle-component alloys by thermodynamic calculations and rapid alloy prototyping" in "Beyond Nickel-Based Superalloys II", Chair: Dr Howard J. Stone, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom Co-Chairs: Prof Bernard P. Bewlay, General Electric Global Research, USA Prof Lesley A. Cornish, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2016). https://dc.engconfintl.org/superalloys_ii/34