High-temperature creep strength and room-temperature fracture toughness of MoSiBTiC alloy

Conference Dates

July 17-21, 2016


Quite recently, the author and his coworkers have developed a new high-temperature material based on Mo-Si-B alloys with TiC addition for ultrahigh temperature applications. The alloys are produced not by powder sintering but by casting, and the constituent phases are of Mo solid solution, Mo5SiB2 (T2), (Ti, Mo)C and (Mo, Ti)2C. The density is reduced to less than 9.0 g/cm3, which is comparable to that of Ni-base superalloys. The high-temperature compressive strength is much stronger than that of commercial heat-resistant molybdenum alloys such as TZM and MHC in a wide high-temperature range. In this paper, the recent progress of our research and development of the MoSiBTiC alloys is reviewed focusing on high-temperature creep strength and room temperature fracture toughness.

The alloy having a primary phase during solidification of (Ti, Mo)C and thus a higher (Ti, Mo)C volume fraction was examined for tensile creep properties, and it was found that the alloy showed typical tensile creep curves accompanying transient, steady-state and acceleration creep stages in all the test conditions. The creep strength was relatively good, for example, the rupture time at 1350 °C under 170 MPa was about 750 h. The stress exponents, n, in the temperature range of 1400 – 1600 °C and the stress range of 100 – 300 MPa were ≈ 3 while it was 5 – 6 at 1350 °C, suggesting that the rate-controlling process of creep deformation is different between at and below 1350 °C and at and above 1400 °C in the stress range.

Room-temperature fracture toughness of the MoSiBTiC alloys was measured by three-point or four-point bending tests using Chevron-notched specimens. The alloy having the primary phase of (Ti, Mo)C showed the fracture toughness value of better than 15 MPa(m)1/2 at room temperature. The value was better than that of the alloy having a primary phase of Moss and thus a higher Moss volume fraction. The obtained results indicated that (Ti, Mo)C phase works for improving not only high-temperature strength but also room-temperature fracture toughness.

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