A fluorescent optical ammonia sensor - Suitable for online bioprocess monitoring
March 20 – 23, 2022
Optical sensors have found numerous applications in the last decades, e.g. optical sensors for oxygen and pH are established in bioprocess monitoring. In bio processing ammonia is another important analyte due to its toxicity at certain concentration levels.. Since this compound is often a by-product in bioprocessing, online monitoring is desired. However, sensors for monitoring ammonia or ammonium in bioreactors are rare. We present a new ammonia sensor (Fig. 1 (b)) suitable for bioprocess monitoring. Our system is based on an acid-base concept including a fluorescent pH-sensitive dye. The sensing layer is covered by a hydrophobic porous membrane, which excludes hydrophilic interfering materials. Our target analyte, ammonia (NH3), diffuses through the barrier to the protonated dye whereby it deprotonates the dye and switches off the NIR-emission. Read-out is performed with a commercially available compact phase fluorimeter combined with optical fibers. Dual-lifetime referencing (DLR) acts as detection method and Egyptian blue as reference material. A sensor performance in the range of total ammonia concentration (TAC, NH3 + NH4+) from 1 to 100 mmol L-1 is demanded. Depending on temperature and ammonia concentration the response time t90 and the recovery time vary from 20 s up to 4 min (Fig 1 (a)). The sensor performance is not influenced sufficiently by increasing temperature (Fig. 1 (c)).
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Maximilian Maierhofer, Veronika Rieger, and Torsten Mayr, "A fluorescent optical ammonia sensor - Suitable for online bioprocess monitoring" in "Single-Use Technologies V: Building The Future", Magali Barbaroux, Sartorius, France; Martina Micheletti, University College London, UK Eds, ECI Symposium Series, (2022). https://dc.engconfintl.org/sut_v/27