Kinetics of thermal barrier oxide interactions with molten silicates

Conference Dates

June 24-29, 2018


The degradation of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) by molten silicates (CMAS) represents a significant barrier to increased operation temperatures of gas turbine engines and thus fuel efficiency. A promising mechanism for CMAS mitigation has been found in certain TBC chemistries (e.g. Gd2Zr2O7) that undergo reactive crystallization – the crystallization of new, thermodynamically favored phases, which contain both melt and TBC constituents (e.g. apatite). Significant work has been undertaken to understand the thermodynamics of TBC-CMAS systems and the possible reaction phases, but little quantitative data on the kinetics of these interactions exists today; this includes: the (i) rate of TBC dissolution into the melt, (ii) diffusion of TBC constituents within the melt, and (iii) reaction product crystallization rates.

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