Conference Dates

June 12 – 17, 2022


An expanding human population and the concomitant increase in demand for animal protein has led to the use of previously unused habitable land and disruption of ecosystems. Increased human-livestock-wildlife interactions has led to an increase in virus spillover events from wildlife reservoirs, which in turn has elevated the risk of epidemics of new and emerging zoonotic diseases. ‘One Health’ recognises that human, animal, and environmental health are tightly interconnected; an initiative that is righfully gaining more attention in the post-COVID-19 world. Vaccination is a powerful strategy to prevent and control viral outbreaks, as exemplified by the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, the vaccination of amplifying intermediate animal hosts provides an effective way to further protect human health. To support efforts to develop vaccines to combat emerging viral zoonoses, we are developing a Nipah virus (NiV) vaccine for use in pigs, which would reduce the risk that NiV poses to the Asian pig industry, livestock keepers and public health. Pig-to-human transmission was responsible for the first and most severe NiV outbreak. This outbreak caused severe and lasting economic costs to the Malaysian pig industry. Despite the threat NiV poses to some of the most pig dense regions of the world, no vaccines are currently available. We have therefore evaluated the immunogenicity of recombinant NiV glycoprotein (G or F) based vaccine candidates delivered as protein subunits or by viral or mRNA vectors in pigs. Three vaccine candidates have been evaluated for efficacy and shown to confer a high degree of protection following a prime-boost regimen. These are now being evaluated under field conditions in Bangladesh. In addition to providing a platform for the further development of a NiV vaccine for pigs, we hope these studies will also benefit ongoing human vaccine development efforts.